Monday, 8 August 2016

Word, Information, Person as Concepts of Cognitive Psychology


The readers are offered the review of the results of research work performed by science team under the leadership of the author. The results and conclusions in the article reflect the scientific interest of author and his opinion about the research topic. The content of the article is one of the interdisciplinary scientific research and connected with the information theory and cognitive psychology. As a practical application, it is recommended that the results in the article to be used for the correction of person`s addictive behavior. However, the application of the research outcomes is not limited to it. Education, upbringing, and psychoanalytic pedagogy are the areas where the outcomes may be useful.

The material represented in this article relates to the field of interdisciplinary research. On the one hand the theory of information, on the other hand psychology. At first glance, it may seem impossible to combine these two scientific disciplines. But, it is right at the intersection of sciences that you can often find the answers to the questions that cannot be obtained within a single discipline. Information theory is frequently perceived as belonging to natural sciences and having no relation to the humanitarian sphere. But can this natural science discipline be used, for example, in the field of psychiatry and other mental sciences? To answer this question we will turn to the work of Gregory Bateson: “To the psychiatrists, I presented a challenge in the shape of a small exam paper, telling them that by the end of the course the should understand the questions on it. Question 1 asked for brief definitions of (a) “sacrament” and (b) “entropy.” The young psychiatrists in the 1950s were, in general, unable to answer either question. Today, a few more could begin to talk about entropy (see Glossary).

In information theory, entropy, which is mentioned in the above quotation by Gregory Bateson, is known to be one of the basic concepts. Entropy is used to calculate the amount of information and, in fact, is the equivalent of the term. Cognition is impossible without information. Therefore, in conjunction with other disciplines the information theory forms interdisciplinary cognitive disciplines where cognitive psychology is easily detected. Misinterpreted information within oral or written communication is one of the causes of human internal conflicts and conflicts between people. One of my young patients at the time of our conversation noticed that her nervous behavior was the result of the influence of one of her close relatives. This was right the person to be educated. Maybe right at that moment it was realized that educational conversation, suggestion (information message in the form of speech or text) primarily transmits information. Therefore, it is necessary to focus attention not on the content but on the transmitter of the message, i.e. information. When isolated from the context person`s speech may seem nonsense. Judging on my patient`s face she was most probably perceiving my educational speech right this way.

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